Monday, May 5, 2014

Monday, May 05, 2014

Subak and the concept of Tri Hita Karana in Bali

Subak and the concept of Tri Hita Karana in Bali

Since ancient times, the island of Bali was known to have natural beauty and fascinating culture. Exoticism between nature and culture intertwined in harmony, which is maintained from generation to generation, so that it becomes a tradition. One tradition that has persisted until now is Subak.

Subak has existed since the eleventh century. Subak is derived from the word of Suak, or kasuakan. Subak is a rice field irrigation management systems in rice farming. In accordance with the topography of hilly land contour circuitry uneven ground, the water must be divided equally on each rice field.

In the water distribution arrangements, Subak using the concept of Tri Hita Karana. Tri Hita Karana is three concept harmony between human relationships with humans, human relationships with nature, human relationships with God.

Human relationships with humans is only between humans social life, forming organizations, and honor and commend, not to hurt fellow human beings. The goal is that all humans can live in harmony without violence and hatred.

Human relationships with nature characterized by always maintain the cleanliness of the water, taking care of the forest so that no drought, fond of animals, using animals to work the fields and doting.

Human relationships with God is manifested in the manufacture of temples in every water source, making the temple in the dam, and make every rice field temple as a place to offer our gratitude to God.

Subak organization headed by a leader called Kelihan. Kelihan a task is to coordinate the distribution of water that must be obeyed by members of Subak.

The Subak irrigation mechanisms ranging from the fountain marked by a temple. The temple called Hulun Danu Temple. Hulun Danu Temple contained in four large lakes in Bali.

Distribution of water, set the Temuku system, ie water from the primary water source, flowed into the dam, and then go into the tunnel that drains water to the rice fields.

Before being distributed, the water collected in one place through a sluice. The water reservoir is marked by a temple, Hulun Suwi Temple. The water is then passed through a telabah (moat) which constitute the secondary water networks.

Each Subak has a temple. Subak Temple is made exclusively by the farmers, in order to worship God, which manifests as Dewi Sri, the god of fertility and prosperity. Then water is classified into tertiary network through a very small trench or through water pipes to irrigate the rice fields each owned by each farmer.

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